Quick Answer: How Is Traditional Knowledge Protected?

What are the characteristics of traditional knowledge?

TK refers to the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations.

It is not limited to any specific technical field, and may include agricultural, environmental, and medicinal knowledge, and knowledge associated with genetic resources..

How is traditional knowledge passed on from generation to generation?

Traditional knowledge is a unique cumulative body of knowledge and practices related to the natural environment of a specific geographic area developed by a people over generations. … It is shared and passed down through the generations orally and through cultural practices and ritual.

Can traditional knowledge be patented?

When community members innovate within the traditional knowledge framework, they may use the patent system to protect their innovations. However, traditional knowledge as such – knowledge that has ancient roots and is often informal and oral – is not protected by conventional intellectual property systems.

How traditional knowledge is protected in India?

India’s TKDL is a unique tool that plays a critical role in protecting the country’s traditional knowledge. 1 Prior art constitutes all information made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent’s claim of novelty and inventiveness.

What are the types of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethnobotany and ecological knowledge, traditional medicine, celestial navigation, craft skills, ethnoastronomy, climate, and others.

What are the abuses of traditional knowledge?

Abuses of traditional knowledge include: • unlicensed and unauthorized commercialization of traditional knowledge; • taking images, such as photographs, film and video of Indigenous peoples, their way of life, et cetera; • using, reproducing or copying indigenous names, images and arts without permission; • use and …

What’s the meaning of traditional?

1 : of or relating to tradition : consisting of or derived from tradition a traditional celebration. 2 : handed down from age to age traditional history traditional songs/stories.

What is the difference between indigenous knowledge and traditional knowledge?

The distinction between traditional knowledge and indigenous knowledge relates to the holders rather than the knowledge per se. Traditional knowledge is a broader category that includes indigenous knowledge as a type of traditional knowledge held by indigenous communities.

What is traditional knowledge system in India?

Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification (TKRC) is an innovative classification system of TKDL. TKRC has structured and classified the Indian Traditional Medicine System in approximately 25,000 subgroups for Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Yoga.

How can we protect traditional knowledge?

How to Protect Traditional Knowledge? There are methods through which TK can be protected: a) Positive Protection, and b) Defensive Mechanism. Positive protection means protecting TK by way of enacting laws, rules and regulations, access and benefit sharing provisions, royalties etc.

What is traditional knowledge in intellectual property?

TK in the narrow sense refers to knowledge as such, in particular the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations.

What do you mean by traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge refers to: knowledge or practices passed down from generation to generation that form part of the traditions or heritage of Indigenous communities. knowledge or practice for which Indigenous communities act as the guardians or custodians.

How important is traditional knowledge?

The transmission of traditional knowledge across generations is fundamental to protecting and promoting indigenous peoples’ cultures and identities and as well as the sustainability of livelihoods, resilience to human-made and natural disasters, and sustaining culturally appropriate economic development.

How is government of India protecting traditional knowledge of medicine?

The government has been successful in obtaining UNESCO recognition to traditional medicinal knowledge such as Ayurveda, Yoga, Sowa Rigpa, Unani etc. This has allowed India to establish link with the country of origin and prevent patenting by multinational pharma companies.

Why do we need to protect traditional knowledge?

Preservation of Traditional Practices Protection of TK can provide a framework for maintaining practices and knowledge embodying traditional lifestyles. Preservation of TK helps to preserve the self identification of people and can ensure the continuous existence of indigenous and traditional people.

Why is indigenous knowledge important?

Indigenous knowledge can help to meet the broader objectives of society, for instance conserving the environment, developing sustainable agriculture and ensuring food security, while its protection encourages the maintenance of traditional practices and lifestyles.

What are the disadvantages of indigenous knowledge?

Remoteness and geographical isolation.

What are the common kinds of indigenous knowledge?

These include such labels as traditional knowledge (TK), indigenous technical knowledge (ITK), folk and local knowledge, environmental or ecological knowledge (EK), and sometimes it has also been called people’s science.