What Is A Motet Music?

What does motet mean?

: a polyphonic choral composition on a sacred text usually without instrumental accompaniment..

Which is the best description of the motet?

A motet is a sacred choral piece sung in several parts. In essence, the medieval motet represents the first great flowering of that distinctly Western innovation, polyphony. The term ‘motet’ appears to derive from the French ‘mots’ – ‘words’ – though the jury is still out on that.

What is a Renaissance motet?

Instead, the Renaissance motet is a polyphonic musical setting, sometimes in imitative counterpoint, for chorus, of a Latin text, usually sacred, not specifically connected to the liturgy of a given day, and therefore suitable for use in any service. The texts of antiphons were frequently used as motet texts.

What does polyphonic mean?

Polyphony, in music, the simultaneous combination of two or more tones or melodic lines (the term derives from the Greek word for “many sounds”). … Thus, even a single interval made up of two simultaneous tones or a chord of three simultaneous tones is rudimentarily polyphonic.

What is the difference between a madrigal and a motet?

As you indicated, a madrigal is a secular work for a small group of singers, usually one to a part, while a motet is a religious work for (potentially) larger groups. … Worth noting that early Motets were often sung with 2 or 3 different (but related) sets of lyrics at a time (sometimes even in different languages).

What does Gregorian chant mean?

Western plainchantGregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. … Multi-voice elaborations of Gregorian chant, known as organum, were an early stage in the development of Western polyphony.

What are the characteristics of a motet?

Characteristics of the Renaissance Motet Compared to the medieval motet, the Renaissance motet is smoother and uses imitative polyphony, with successive voice parts that echo each other, kind of like a round. We can see and hear this in the text and successive adding of vocal parts.

What is a motet quizlet?

Motet (13th Century) A polyphonic vocal composition that features one or two newly composed vocal lines above a line of chant (the tenor) Comes from the French “mot” (=word)

What are the two main types of sacred music?

Two main forms of sacred music existed. Firstly, the motet; a short, polyphonic, choral work set to a sacred Latin text. The motet was performed as a short religious ritual such as the communion. Secondly the Mass; a longer work, comprised of all five movements of the Ordinary.

Who invented motet?

Giovanni GabrieliAfter about 1600 the term motet came to indicate any composition setting a serious nonliturgical but often sacred text. In the late 16th century, Venetian composers such as Giovanni Gabrieli wrote motets for multiple choirs and contrasting instruments.

How many parts does a motet have?

two partsDefinition/History Originally, motet was Roman Catholic church music with Latin biblical text sung in two parts, one of which was taken from Gregorian Chant (they just spiced up the rhythm to make the chant more ‘hip’).

What is the difference between a motet and a chanson?

Chanson: In the Renaissance, this is a French song for several voices, which may be accompanied by instruments. … Motet: In the Renaissance, this is a sacred polyphonic choral setting with a Latin text, sometimes in imitative counterpoint.