What Is A Relative Clause?

Why do we use relative clauses?

Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, that, which, whose, where, when.

They are most often used to define or identify the noun that precedes them..

How do you teach relative clauses?

Relatively Speaking 5 Strategies for Teaching Relative ClausesIdentify In-text. Like with any new grammar form, students benefit from being introduced to relative clauses through exercises that are based first on simply noticing patterns. … Introduce the Structure. … Start to Add Relative Clauses to Sentences. … Use Scrambled Sentences. … Create Relevant Writing Tasks.

How do you write a relative clause?

A relative clause always begins with a “relative pronoun,” which substitutes for a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun when sentences are combined. Relative pronoun as subject (in red): I like the person. The person was nice to me.

Do you use a comma before a relative clause?

The relative pronouns are: who, whom, whose, which, and that. Relative pronouns introduce subordinate clauses functioning as adjectives. Use commas to set off nonrestrictive subordinate clauses, and do not use commas to set off restrictive clauses.

Where does a relative clause go in a sentence?

The relative clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence. We can’t drop the relative pronoun. For example (clause after the object of the sentence): I’m looking for a secretary who / that can use a computer well.

What is the difference between which and that in relative clauses?

The grammatical explanation is that “which” introduces a non-essential clause, meaning that it doesn’t define the noun it’s describing, while “that” introduces an essential clause, meaning that it clarifies exactly which noun the sentence is about.

What is difference between defining and non defining relative clauses?

A defining relative clause identifies who or what we are speaking about, whereas a non-defining relative clause just gives us more information about who or what we are speaking about. A defining relative clause is essential in a sentence because we need it in order to know who or what someone is describing.

What are the two types of a relative clause?

A relative clause is also known as an adjective clause. There are two types of relative clauses: restrictive and nonrestrictive.

What are types of clauses?

Clauses come in four types: main (or independent), subordinate (or dependent), adjective (or relative), and noun. Every clause has at least one subject and one verb.

What is a relative clause Year 5?

A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun (naming word). They can be used to create complex sentences as they are a type of subordinate clause.

What are examples of relative pronouns?

Using Relative PronounsThe driver who ran the stop sign was careless.The children, whom we love dearly, need better educations.Never go to a doctor whose office plants have died. … I have a friend whose cat is annoying.The book, which is now out of print, has all the information you need.More items…

How many relative clauses are there?

There are two types of relative clause: restrictive (or defining) relative clauses and non-restrictive (or non-defining) relative clauses. The difference between them is as follows: A restrictive relative clause provides essential information about the noun to which it refers.

How do you combine relative clauses?

Relative pronouns are words used to combine two clauses into one. Besides combining the two clauses, the relative pronoun acts as the subject or object of the verb in the relative clause.

How do you identify a relative clause?

Recognize a relative clause when you find one. First, it will contain a subject and a verb. Next, it will begin with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, that, or which) or a relative adverb (when, where, or why). Finally, it will function as an adjective, answering the questions What kind? How many? or Which one?

What is clause and example?

A clause is a group of words that contains a verb (and usually other components too). A clause may form part of a sentence or it may be a complete sentence in itself. For example: He was eating a bacon sandwich. [clause]

Why do we reduce relative clauses?

Relative clauses can also be reduced to shorter forms if the relative clause modifies the subject of a sentence. Relative clause reduction refers to removing a relative pronoun to reduce: An adjective/person who was happy: happy person. An adjective phrase/man who was responsible for: man responsible for.

What is an example of a relative clause?

I won’t stand by the man who smells of slime. In this example, the relative clause is ‘who smells of slime’. It provides more information about the man. The relative pronoun, ‘who’, is used to connect these clauses in the sentence.