Question: What Is Traditional Knowledge System In India?

What are the characteristics of traditional knowledge?

TK refers to the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations.

It is not limited to any specific technical field, and may include agricultural, environmental, and medicinal knowledge, and knowledge associated with genetic resources..

Can traditional knowledge be patented?

When community members innovate within the traditional knowledge framework, they may use the patent system to protect their innovations. However, traditional knowledge as such – knowledge that has ancient roots and is often informal and oral – is not protected by conventional intellectual property systems.

What is traditional knowledge in intellectual property?

TK in the narrow sense refers to knowledge as such, in particular the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations.

Why is traditional knowledge important?

Educational practices that combine indigenous traditional knowledge and languages are a significant way to maintain and preserve indigenous cultures, identities, reduce illiteracy and school dropout rates, enhance learning, protect the environment, and promote wellbeing.

Why do we need indigenous people?

Third, Indigenous Peoples help protect our environment, fight climate change, and build resilience to natural disasters, yet their rights aren’t always protected. While Indigenous Peoples own, occupy, or use a quarter of the world’s surface area, they safeguard 80% of the world’s remaining biodiversity.

How is the government of India protecting traditional knowledge of medicine Upsc?

Indian government has effectively licensed 200,000 local treatments as “public property” free for anyone to use but no one to sell as a “brand”. India has been trying to revive WTO talks to strengthen global norms to protect traditional knowledge from reckless patenting by corporate.

How traditional knowledge is protected in India?

India’s TKDL is a unique tool that plays a critical role in protecting the country’s traditional knowledge. 1 Prior art constitutes all information made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent’s claim of novelty and inventiveness.

How can we improve our traditional skill and technology?

Volunteer for Technical Projects. Subscribe to Technical Sites and Magazines. Develop Knowledge of a Second Language. Practice What You Learned.

Why is TEK important?

TEK represents the use of local institutions to provide leaders and environmental stewards with rules for social regulation and for the development of appropriate world views and cultural values.

How is government of India protecting traditional knowledge of medicine?

The government has been successful in obtaining UNESCO recognition to traditional medicinal knowledge such as Ayurveda, Yoga, Sowa Rigpa, Unani etc. This has allowed India to establish link with the country of origin and prevent patenting by multinational pharma companies.

What is the meaning of traditional knowledge system?

Traditional knowledge refers to the knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities around the world. Developed from experience gained over the centuries and adapted to the local culture and environment, traditional knowledge is transmitted orally from generation to generation.

What is an example of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethnobotany and ecological knowledge, traditional medicine, celestial navigation, craft skills, ethnoastronomy, climate, and others.

What is the difference between traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge?

Western science is objective and quantitative as opposed to traditional knowledge, which is mainly subjective and qualitative. Western science is based on an academic and literate transmission, while traditional knowledge is often passed on orally from one generation to the next by the elders.

What are the advantages of indigenous knowledge?

Indigenous knowledge can help to meet the broader objectives of society, for instance conserving the environment, developing sustainable agriculture and ensuring food security, while its protection encourages the maintenance of traditional practices and lifestyles.